VirtualBox as service

Rabu, 14 April 2010, 6:08 am25

Originally from this post: http://www.kernelhardware.org/virtualbox-auto-start-vm-centos-fedora-redhat/

However, in case you’re unable to view the page (404 error), here’s the steps:

Get list of virtual machines (VM) available: (run as user who owns the VMs)

VBoxManage list vms
"XP" {ea077a37-fe9c-40bd-a508-a4ea0be17e17}
"fedora13" {0cf0d60f-e482-407b-8c4f-b661692f6435}
"centos5" {4a10fb5f-37ba-4012-a41a-e94c6035fc15}

Create config file: (fill with only VM that you want to start on boot or when you run ‘service vboxcontrol start’)

vim /etc/virtualbox/machines_enabled
XP
fedora13
centos5

Create startup script:

vim /etc/init.d/vboxcontrol
#!/bin/sh
# vboxcontrol   Startup script for VirtualBox Virtual Machines
#
# chkconfig: 345 98 02
# description: Manages VirtualBox VMs
# processname: vboxcontrol
#
# pidfile: /var/run/vboxcontrol/vboxcontrol.pid
#
### BEGIN INIT INFO
#
### END INIT INFO
#
# Version 20100414 by azwan082
# Version 20090301 by Kevin Swanson <kswan.info> based on:
# Version 2008051100 by Jochem Kossen <jochem.kossen@gmail.com>
# http://farfewertoes.com
#
# Released in the public domain
#
# This file came with a README file containing the instructions on how
# to use this script
#
# Source function library.
if [ -f /etc/init.d/functions ] ; then
. /etc/init.d/functions
elif [ -f /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions ] ; then
. /etc/rc.d/init.d/functions
else
exit 1
fi

########################################################################
# INITIAL CONFIGURATION
VBOXDIR="/etc/virtualbox"
VM_USER="username"
USE_NAT="no"

export PATH="${PATH:+$PATH:}/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/sbin"
if [ -f $VBOXDIR/config ]; then
. $VBOXDIR/config
fi

SU="su $VM_USER -c"
VBOXMANAGE="VBoxManage -nologo"

########################################################################
# FUNCTIONS
# Determine if USE_NAT is set to "yes" use_nat() { if [ "$USE_NAT" = "yes" ]; then return `true` else return `false` fi } log_failure_msg() { echo $1 } log_action_msg() { echo $1 } # Check for running machines every few seconds; return when all machines # are down wait_for_closing_machines() { RUNNING_MACHINES=`$SU "$VBOXMANAGE list runningvms" | wc -l` if [ $RUNNING_MACHINES != 0 ]; then sleep 5 wait_for_closing_machines fi } ######################################################################## # RUN case "$1" in start) if [ -f /etc/virtualbox/machines_enabled ]; then cat /etc/virtualbox/machines_enabled | while read VM; do log_action_msg "Starting VM: $VM ..." $SU "$VBOXMANAGE startvm "$VM" -type headless" RETVAL=$? done touch /var/lock/subsys/vboxcontrol fi ;; stop) # NOTE: this stops all running VM's. Not just the ones listed # in the config $SU "$VBOXMANAGE list runningvms" | egrep -o "^"[a-zA-Z0-9]*"" | while read VM; do log_action_msg "Shutting down VM: $VM ..." $SU "$VBOXMANAGE controlvm "$VM" acpipowerbutton" done rm -f /var/lock/subsys/vboxcontrol wait_for_closing_machines ;; start-vm) log_action_msg "Starting VM: $2 ..." $SU "$VBOXMANAGE startvm "$2" -type headless" ;; stop-vm) log_action_msg "Stopping VM: $2 ..." $SU "$VBOXMANAGE controlvm "$2" acpipowerbutton" ;; poweroff-vm) log_action_msg "Powering off VM: $2 ..." $SU "$VBOXMANAGE controlvm "$2" poweroff" ;; status) echo "The following virtual machines are currently running:" $SU "$VBOXMANAGE list runningvms" | egrep -o "^"[a-zA-Z0-9]*"" | while read VM; do echo -n "$VM (" echo -n `$SU "VBoxManage showvminfo ${VM%% *}|grep Name:|sed -e 's/^Name:s*//g'"` echo ')' done ;; *) echo "Usage: $0 {start|stop|status|start-vm <VM name>|stop-vm <VM name>|poweroff-vm <VM name>}" exit 3 esac exit 0

Set script as executable

chmod 755 /etc/init.d/vboxcontrol

Add to service registry:

chkconfig --add vboxcontrol

Set it to start on boot:

chkconfig vboxcontrol on

Tulis komen: